The definition of a glacier is "a slowly moving river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on a mountain". Iceland has several large ice caps on the mountains that spawn some 269 named glaciers. In fact, 11% of the land mass is covered by glaciers. On this trip, even though our group did not actually hike on a glacier, we saw plenty of them, mainly near the southeast coast. Note--People assume that glaciers are colored snow white. In reality, they are actually quite dirty looking, as they are coated with dirt, and in Iceland, ground up lava. Below are a few.